Period of Revelation The consensus of opinion is that it was sent down after the Campaign against Bani al-Mustaliq and this is confirmed by vv.
According to the Traditions and books on the life of the Holy Prophet, this event happened one year before Hijrah. Thus, this Surah is one of those which were revealed in the last stage of Prophethood at Makkah. Background The Holy Prophet had been propagating Tauhid for the previous twelve years and his opponents had been doing all they could to make his Mission a failure, but in spite of all their opposition, Islam had spread to every corner of Arabia and there was hardly any clan which had not been influenced by his invitation.
In Makkah itself the true Believers had formed themselves into a small community and were ready and willing to face every danger to make Islam a success. Besides them, a very large number of the people of Aus and Khazraj two influential clans of Al-Madinah had accepted Islam.
Thus the time had come for the Holy Prophet to emigrate from Makkah to Al- Madinah and there gather together the scattered Muslims and establish a state based on the principles of Islam.
Theme and Topics This Surah is a wonderful combination of warning, admonition and instruction, which have been blended together in a balanced proportion. The disbelievers of Makkah had been admonished to take a lesson from the miserable end of the Israelites and other communities and mend their ways within the period of respite given by Allah, which was about to expire.
Otherwise they shall be annihilated and replaced by other people. Incidentally, the Israelites, with whom Islam was going to come in direct contact in the near future at Al-Madinah have also been warned that they should learn a lesson from the chastisements that have already been inflicted on them.
If even now you behave as you have been behaving, you shall meet with a painful torment. Accordingly, convincing arguments have been put forward to prove that the Quran is the Book of Allah and its teachings are true and genuine the doubts of the disbelievers about these basic realities have been removed and on suitable occasions they have been admonished and rebuked in regard to their ways of ignorance.
In this connection, those fundamental principles of morality and civilization on which the Islamic System of life is meant to be established have been put forward. Thus this was a sort of the Manifesto of the intended Islamic state which had been proclaimed a year before its actual establishment.
Besides these, the Holy Prophet has been instructed to stick firmly to his stand without minding the opposition and difficulties which he was encountering and should never think of making a compromise with unbelief. The Muslims who sometimes showed signs of impatience, when they met with persecution, calumny, and crooked arguments, have also been instructed to face adverse circumstances with patience and fortitude and keep full control over their feelings and passions.
In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful. Besides this, We forewarned the Israelites in the Scriptures: This was a warning that was bound to be fulfilled. If you did good it proved to be good for yourselves and if you committed evil it proved to be bad for your own selves.
Then, when the time came for the fulfillment of the second warning, We set other enemies on you so that they might disfigure your faces and enter into the Temple just as the former enemies had entered and destroyed whatever they could lay their hands on.
Our punishment, for We have prepared Hell to serve as a prison-house for the ungrateful people. To those who believe in it and do good deeds, it gives the good news that there is a great reward for them and to those who do not believe in the Hereafter, it gives the warning that a painful torment has been made ready for them.
We have created day and night as two signs: We have deprived the sign of night of light and made the sign of day bright to enable you to seek bounty of your Lord and to reckon months and years. Thus We have made everything manifestly distinct. It will be said to him, "Here is your record: Today you yourself suffice as reckoner against yourself.
Your Lord is fully aware of the sins of his servants and is seeing everything. You should not worship anyone but Him. Treat your parents with great consideration; if either or both of them live with you in their old age, do not say even "fie" to them: Fulfill your obligations towards your relatives and the indigent and the wayfarer.
Do not be a spendthrift because the spendthrifts are the brethren of Satan and Satan has been ungrateful to his Lord. Do not tie your hand to your neck nor stretch without any restraint lest you should become blameworthy and left destitute. In the name of God, Most Gracious, Most Merciful  A.
L. M. S.* Footnote  This scripture has been revealed to you—you shall not harbor doubt about it in your heart—that you may warn with it, and to provide a reminder for the believers.
I have read the Quran and pretty much everything said here is nonsense. Just to mention a few (although I could go on for a long time) 1 Saudi Arabia is NOT an example of a Muslim country at all. The Glorious Quran is filled with thousands of Numerical and Scientific Miracles.
We have listed them srmvision.com it should be of no surprise to anyone, at all, to see the Glorious Quran's description of the sun's rising and setting to be scientifically accurate. بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ. For the Sunni brothers, there are six major collections of traditions based on the Sunni standards for verifying the authenticity of .
Surah An Noor (The Light) Name. This Surah takes its name, An Nur, from verse Period of Revelation. The consensus of opinion is that it was sent down after the Campaign against Bani al-Mustaliq and this is confirmed by vv.
that deal with the incident of the "Slander", which occurred during that Campaign. English Translation of the Holy Quran: by Maulana Muhammad Ali The entire translation on one page.