Answer From Katherine Zeratsky, R.
High-fructose corn syrup and your health: But it skyrocketed when the food industry began mass producing high-fructose corn syrup HFCS in the s.
|High Fructose Corn Syrup (HFCS) Linked to Obesity | Breaking Muscle||Obesity, Type 2 Diabetes, and Fructose Part 1: Not taller, just rounder.|
|High-fructose corn syrup and your health: Research roundup - Journalist's Resource||Some of the controversy derives from the dramatic increase in the prevalence of obesity in the U.|
Some sugars appear in nature. Table sugar also known as sucrose, which is half fructose and half glucose is derived from sugar beets and cane. Fructose is common in fruits and honey.
HFCS, on the other hand, is processed from corn kernels. HFCS is frequently found in soft drinks, breakfast cereals and sauces like ketchup. Though the level of fructose in most HFCS is advertised as no more than 55 percent, researchers at the University of Southern California have found samples of Pepsi and Coca-Cola containing 65 percent fructose and believe we may be consuming far more fructose than we realize.
But, as the two sections of research below emphasize, scientists disagree on the role that added sugars play not just in obesity, but in related health concerns as well, such as type 2 diabetes and liver disease.
Is the problem that Americans eat too much sugar generally? Or is HFCS more harmful than sugar? Like fructose, HFCS is metabolized in the liver — so is there a connection to liver disease?
In response to these growing concerns, the corn industry has actively championed HFCS. Two of the authors had received funding from the Corn Refiners Association. Popular beverages made with HFCS have a fructose-to-glucose ratio of approximately Some pure fruit juices have twice as much fructose as glucose.
These findings suggest that beverages made with HFCS and some juices have a sugar profile very different than sucrose, in which amounts of fructose and glucose are equivalent. Current dietary analyses may underestimate actual fructose consumption. Lynn; Garcia-Fuentes, Pablo A.
Working paper presented at the Southern Agricultural Economics Association annual meeting, In addition, negative news on HFCS the association of HFCS consumption and obesity has a negative effect on the growth of demand for soft drinks; however, per capita advertising on soft drinks has a positive effect on the growth of demand for soft drinks and more than offsets the effect of negative news.
Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry, The study objectives were to determine the effects of drinking different sugar-sweetened solutions on hepatic gene expression in relation to liver fatty acid composition and risk of NAFLD.
Based on these preclinical study results, excess consumption of caloric sweetened beverage, particularly HFCS-sweetened beverages, should be limited. However, the fructose content of foods and beverages produced with HFCS is not disclosed and estimates of fructose content are based on the common assumption that the HFCS used contains 55 percent fructose.
The objective of this study was to conduct an objective laboratory analysis of the sugar content and composition in popular sugar-sweetened beverages with a particular focus on fructose content. The mean fructose content in the HFCS used was 59 percent range 47—65 percent and several major brands appear to be produced with HFCS that is 65 percent fructose.
Finally, the sugar profile analyses detected forms of sugar that were inconsistent with what was listed on the food labels. This analysis revealed significant deviations in sugar amount and composition relative to disclosures from producers.
In addition, the tendency for use of HFCS that is higher in fructose could be contributing to higher fructose consumption than would otherwise be assumed. Global Public Health, These results suggest that countries with higher availability of HFCS have a higher prevalence of type 2 diabetes independent of obesity.
Advances in Nutrition, The health concerns that have been raised about the amounts of sugar that are in the current diet, primarily as beverages, are the subject of this review.
Just less than 50 percent of the added sugars sugar and high-fructose corn syrup are found in soft drinks and fruit drinks. The increase in plasma triglyceride concentrations by sugar-sweetened beverages can be attributed to fructose rather than glucose in sugar.
Several randomized trials of sugar-containing soft drinks versus low-calorie or calorie-free beverages show that either sugar, 50 percent of which is fructose, or fructose alone increases triglycerides, body weight, visceral adipose tissue, muscle fat, and liver fat.High-fructose corn syrup (HFCS) (also called glucose-fructose, isoglucose and glucose-fructose syrup) is a sweetener made from corn starch that has been processed by glucose isomerase to convert some of its glucose into fructose.
HFCS was first marketed in the early s by the Clinton Corn Processing Company, together with the Japanese Agency. "This research suggests that high fructose corn syrup can increase the risk of type 2 diabetes, which is one of the most common causes of death in the world today," says Ulijaszek. Obesity, Type 2 Diabetes, and Fructose.
Part 1: The Trends because in the early 's, the technology was developed to convert corn starch into glucose, and then use a simple enzyme treatment to convert glucose into fructose.
With a bit more work, we get HFCS, high-fructose corn syrup.
With the invention of HFCS, and the government-subsidy. In fact, one of the more popular aliases for sugar today is high fructose corn syrup (HFCS)—a corn-based sweetener that has been on the market since approximately According to a commentary in the April issue of the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, between and , the consumption of HFCS increased over 1, percent.
Nov 27, · In a study published in in the journal Obesity, Goran found the percentage of fructose in drinks sweetened with high-fructose corn syrup ranged from 47% to 65%.
A new study indicates that high fructose corn syrup may be the cause of the huge upswing in childhood obesity and diabetes. You've heard it before: a calorie is a calorie is a calorie.