The trial took place in the heart of the city, the jurors seated on wooden benches surrounded by a crowd of spectators. Socrates Socrates was 70 years old and familiar to most Athenians. His anti-democratic views had turned many in the city against him.
Summary[ edit ] The dialogue is told from the perspective of one of Socrates' students, Phaedo of Eliswho was present at Socrates' death bed. Phaedo relates the dialogue from that day to Echecratesa Pythagorean philosopher. Socrates offers four arguments for the soul's immortality: The Cyclical Argument, or Opposites Argument explains that Forms are eternal and unchanging, and as the soul always brings life, then it must not die, and is necessarily "imperishable".
As the body is mortal and is subject to physical death, the soul must be its indestructible opposite. Plato then suggests the analogy of fire and cold. If the form of cold is imperishable, and fire, its opposite, was within close proximity, it would have to withdraw intact as does the soul during death.
This could be likened to the idea of the opposite charges of magnets. The Theory of Recollection explains that we possess some non-empirical knowledge e. The Form of Equality at birth, implying the soul existed before birth to carry that knowledge. Another account of the theory is found in Plato's Menoalthough in that case Socrates implies anamnesis previous knowledge of everything whereas he is not so bold in Phaedo.
The Affinity Argument, explains that invisible, immortal, and incorporeal things are different from visible, mortal, and corporeal things. Our soul is of the former, while our body is of the latter, so when our bodies die and decay, our soul will continue to live. The Argument from Form of Lifeor The Final Argument explains that the Forms, incorporeal and static entities, are the cause of all things in the world, and all things participate in Forms.
For example, beautiful things participate in the Form of Beauty; the number four participates in the Form of the Even, etc. The soul, by its very nature, participates in the Form of Life, which means the soul can never die.
Introductory conversation[ edit ] The scene is set in Phlius where Echecrates who, meeting Phaedo, asks for news about the last days of Socrates. Phaedo explains why a delay occurred between his trial and his death, and describes the scene in a prison at Athens on the final day, naming those present.
He tells how he had visited Socrates early in the morning with the others. Socrates' wife Xanthippe was there, but was very distressed and Socrates asked that she be taken away. Socrates' relates how, bidden by a recurring dream to "make and cultivate music", he wrote a hymn and then began writing poetry based on Aesop's Fables.
Socrates then states " He asks, "Why do you sayBECK index Socrates, Xenophon, and Plato Empedocles Socrates Xenophon's Socrates Defense of Socrates Memoirs of Socrates Symposium Oikonomikos Xenophon.
Summary. The dialogue is told from the perspective of one of Socrates' students, Phaedo of Elis, who was present at Socrates' death srmvision.com relates the dialogue from that day to Echecrates, a Pythagorean philosopher..
Socrates offers four arguments for the soul's immortality. Plato's The Apology is an account of the speech Socrates makes at the trial in which he is charged with not recognizing the gods recognized by the state, inventing new deities, and corrupting the youth of Athens.
Socrates' speech, however, is by no means an "apology" in . What is the philosophy of sweat? Reality TV? Domestic warfare? Making up and having sex?
Take a sparkling ride through an ordinary day with hilarious philosophical gadfly Robert Rowland Smith in Breakfast with Socrates. Ever want to have a bagel with Hegel? The Last Days of Socrates (Penguin Classics) and millions of other books are available for instant srmvision.com | Audible.
In The Last Days of Socrates, Plato begins with Euthyphro and we see the Socratic method in action. Socrates and Euthyphro discuss the nature of piety, and through a serious of thought provoking questions, Socrates argues for what he feels is the proper relationship between Man and God/5(74).