Overview[ edit ] Bust of Periclesmarble Roman copy after a Greek original from c. These strategoi were given duties which included planning military expeditions, receiving envoys of other states and directing diplomatic affairs. During the time of the ascendancy of Ephialtes as leader of the democratic faction, Pericles was his deputy.
The myth says that Poseidon gave a spring with sea water whilst Athena offered an olive tree as she touched the ground of the sacred rock of the Acropolis. The people of Athens choose Athena as their protector and so the city was named after the goddess of wisdom.
The myth is symbolic but the two Gods symbolising the strength of Athens as a city of wisdom and as a sea power. The first settlement of Athens BC was situated on the rock of Acropolis.
According to the tradition, Athens was founded, when the king Theseus united in a state several settlements of Attica. Later came to power the nobles wealthy landowners.
The nobles ruled Athens by their consul the Supreme Court Arios Pagosfrom this consul where elected the 9 rulers of Athens.
During this time was existed the assembly of the Athenian citizens Ecclesia of Demos but during this period did't had the power that had later with the lows of Solon.
After the the period of colonisation and expansion of trade, many citizens of Athens became rich and wealthy from the trade and shipping, and they wished to participate in the administration of the state, while from the other hand the lower classes of the city where facing poverty.
This fact resulted riots between the poor who wanted land and new lows with more social justice and the nobles that wanted to keep their power and authority. Those riots tried to exploit the ambitious Kylon aiming to become a tyrant, but he failed.
His movement stayed in history as 'Kylonion Agos'. After thisthe nobles tasked Drakon to write new laws in response to peoples demand. But the laws of Dracon were too hard and peremptory and thus disappointed the Athenians.
As the laws of Dracon did not meet the expectations of the people of Athens who they tasked Solon, which was considered as a very wise man, to write new laws.
Solon gave back the debts of the citizens and let free all those who had been slaves from their debts. That law, because released the people of Athens from a very heavy burden, was named 'seisachtheia' Solon split the Athenians into four classes, depending on their income.
Archons rulers had the right to become only the rich. The assembly decided on all major issues and was voting the laws which were prepared by the House of the four hundred. Solon founded the large peoples court, the Iliaia. Those where the first steps towards democracy.
But even the laws of Solon reassured the Athenians. The poor wanted reframing, namely re-division of the land. During this period the nobility lost much of their old power and Peisistratos managed to gain the support of many people and become a tyrant.
Peisistratos supported the farmers and produced numerous projects in Athens.Greek mythology, body of stories concerning the gods, heroes, and rituals of the ancient srmvision.com the myths contained a considerable element of fiction was recognized by the more critical Greeks, such as the philosopher Plato in the 5th–4th century srmvision.com general, however, in the popular piety of the Greeks, the myths were viewed as true accounts.
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A Brief Reference to the History of Athens. Athens was named according to the Greek mythology from competition that the goddess Athena had with Poseidon about who will become protector of the city.
The myth says that Poseidon gave a spring with sea water whilst Athena offered an olive tree as she touched the ground of the sacred rock of the Acropolis. THE GREEKS As citizens of the United States of America, we owe everything to ancient Greece. Many of the ideals we so highly cherish aren't American; they're Greek.
Gay Athens Present Situation. There are no laws in Greece which prohibit same-sex sexual contact thanks in part to pressure put on Greece by the European Union which encourages its member states to be tolerant of homosexuals, bi-sexuals and lesbians.