In a short comic sketch known as The Caesarswritten by the 4th century AD Roman Emperor, Julian the Apostate, Marcus is depicted as attending a banquet along with the gods and other dead Roman emperors given by Romulus during the festival of the Cronia.
Posted by Daily Stoic on July 12, This is part of our 3-part short series on the three most important Stoic philosophers: Marcus AureliusSeneca and Epictetus.
You can also read our introduction to Stoicism if you are not familiar with the philosophy. Stoicism is no exception. Before we begin our studies we need to ask ourselves: Who are the people that followed these precepts? Who can I point out as an example?
Am I proud to look up to this person? Do I want to be more like them? And Roman Emperor Marcus Aureliusborn nearly two millennia ago —is a leader and example who provides a resounding yes. Marcus Annius Verus was born in a prominent and established family but nobody at the time would have predicted that he would one day be Emperor of the Empire.
There is little that is known of his childhood but he was a serious young man who also enjoyed wrestling, boxing and hunting. Around his teenage years, the reigning emperor at the time, Hadrian was nearing death and was childless.
He had to pick a successor and after his first choice, Lucius Ceionius, died unexpectedly, he chose Antoninus. Once Hadrian died, it was clear that Marcus was next in line for the most important position in the empire.
His education would become of serious concern and he would have the privilege of studying under Herodes Atticus, a rhetorician from Athens Marcus would later write his Meditations in Greek as well as Marcus Cornelius Fronto, his instructor in Latin whose letters of correspondence with Marcus survive to this day.
Marcus would also serve as a consul twice thus receiving a valuable and practical education. Inas Antoninus died and ended one of the longest reigns, Marcus became the Emperor of the Roman Empire and ruled for nearly two decades until his death in But for my part, I admire him all the more for this very reason, that amid unusual and extraordinary difficulties he both survived himself and preserved the empire.
Just one thing prevented him from being completely happy, namely, that after rearing and educating his son in the best possible way he was vastly disappointed in him.
He held one of—if not the most—powerful positions in the world at the time.
If he chose to, nothing would be off limits. He could indulge and succumb to temptations, there was nobody that could restrain him from any of his wishes. There is a reason the adage that power in absolute absolutely corrupts has been repeated throughout history—it unfortunately tends to be true.
And yet, as the essayist Matthew Arnold remarked, Marcus proved himself worthy of the position he was in. And it was not only him who offered that verdict. The guidance of wisdom and virtue.
Just think of the diary that he left behind, which is now known as his Meditations which we discuss below: And for Marcus, Stoicism provided a framework for dealing with the stresses of daily life as a leader of one of the most powerful empires in human history.
It is not surprising that he wrote his Meditations in the last decade of his life, while on campaigning against foreign invaders. Passed down from his mentors and teachers, Marcus embraced the studies of Stoicism which we see in him thanking his teacher Rusticus for introducing him to Stoicism and Epictetus inside Meditations.
Another influence on Marcus came from Heraclitus, whose concepts we can see throughout Meditations and who had a strong influence on Stoic thought.Marcus Aurelius was born in Spain on 26 April CE to an aristocratic patrician family.
His birth name was Marcus Annius Verus, after his father of the same name. Marcus Aurelius: Debts and Lessons — Marcus Aurelius, in book one of Debts and Lessons, explores the lessons he learned from those closest to him.
The Life Lessons of a Roman Emperor — Marcus teaches us some important life lessons surrounding the “three disciplines”: perception, action, and will.
For Marcus Aurelius' life and rule, the biographies of Hadrian, Antoninus Pius, Marcus Aurelius, and Verus are largely reliable, but those of Aelius Verus and Avidius Cassius are not. Among Marcus Aurelius' tutors were the grammarian Marcus Cornelius Fronto, who tried to dissuade Marcus Aurelius from his study of philosophy, and Herodes Atticus, who taught him to .
Aug 21, · Watch video · Growing up, Marcus Aurelius was a dedicated student, learning Latin and Greek. But his greatest intellectual interest was Stoicism, a philosophy that .
Marcus Aurelius, in full Caesar Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus, original name (until ce) Marcus Annius Verus, (born April 26, ce, Rome [Italy]—died March 17, , Vindobona [Vienna, Austria] or Sirmium, Pannonia), Roman emperor (– ce), best known for his Meditations on Stoic philosophy.