Economic and Monetary Union of the European Union From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia This article needs additional citations for verification.
When and why did the euro make its debut as a currency? By Andrew Beattie Updated March 31, — 3: On January 1,the European Union introduced its new currencythe euro.
Originally, the euro was an overarching currency used for exchange between countries within the union, while people within each nation continued to use their own currencies. Within three years, however, the euro was established as an everyday currency and replaced the domestic currencies of many member states.
Although the euro is still not universally adopted by all the EU members as the main currency, most of the holdouts peg their currency in some way against it. The euro provided several economic advantages to the citizen of the EU.
Travel was made easier by removing the need for exchanging money, and more importantly, the currency risks were removed from European trade.
Now a European citizen can easily identify the best price for a product from any company in member nations without first running each price through a currency converter. This makes prices across the EU transparent and increases the competition between members.
Labor and goods can flow more easily across borders to where they are needed, making the whole union work more efficiently. The biggest benefit of the euro is that it is managed by the European Central Bank. Of course, the euro is not without controversy. Many smaller member nations believe the system is tilted in the favor of large nations.
While this may be true, the benefits of being an EU member outweigh the negatives, and there is no shortage of nations seeking membership.
The problem before the euro, as illustrated specifically with the European Exchange Rate Mechanism meltdown, was countries altering their own currencies to meet short-term economic needs — while still expecting foreign nations to honor the increasing unrealistic exchange rates.
The euro has removed much, but not all, of the politics from the European currency markets, making it easier for trade to grow.
This question was answered by Andrew Beattie.The euro (sign: €; code: EUR) is the official currency of 19 of 28 member states of the European Union, as well as some of the territories of the EU. This group of states is known as the eurozone or euro area.
It is the second largest and second most traded currency in the foreign exchange market after the United States dollar. The euro is subdivided into cents. What the EU does - its aims and challenges.
A single currency is when a number of countries join their currencies together into one single currency. The main example of this is the introduction of the Euro in the European Union.
This was introduced in January with the full changeover to notes and coins taking place in January The idea of an economic and monetary union in Europe was first raised well before establishing the European Communities.
For example, the Latin Monetary Union existed from   In the League of Nations, Gustav Stresemann asked in for a European currency  against the background of an increased economic division due to a number of new nation states in Europe after .
Jan 01, · European Union; Beethoven, Ludwig vonThe “Ode to Joy” from Ludwig von Beethoven's Symphony No. 9 is the anthem of the European Union.
European Economic CommunityMap showing the composition of the European Economic Community (EEC) from , when it was formed by the members of the European Coal.
Today, around million citizens in 19 countries live in the euro area, and this number will increase as future enlargements of the euro area continue to spread the benefits of the single currency more widely in the European Union.