It was small, multi-national and professional. The officers were almost entirely French, as were the majority of troops in the elite parachute and armor and commando units.
American military analyst and researcher Written By: Dubbed the Pentagon Papersthe document appeared to undercut the publicly stated justification of the Vietnam War. Ellsberg earned a B.
Ellsberg was awarded a three-year fellowship to undertake independent postgraduate study, and he returned to Harvard after his separation from the military.
In he joined the RAND Corporation as a strategic analyst, applying his academic expertise—a branch of statistics known as decision theory —to matters of national security. The following year he transferred to the State Department. With his headquarters at the U.
During that time, Ellsberg reached the personal opinion that the war was unwinnable. There he worked on U. Over the next 18 months, he offered the document to several members of Congress, but none chose to act on it.
Department of Justice obtained a restraining order against the newspaper. After more than two weeks of legal wrangling, the Supreme Court ruled that the federal government had not made the case for prior restraint of publication.
Ellsberg was indicted under the Espionage Act, and the charges leveled against him could have resulted in up to years in prison. The trial against Ellsberg, which began in Januarylasted four months and concluded with the dismissal of all charges after evidence of gross governmental misconduct came to light.
Ehrlichmanan adviser to Pres. Cleared of wrongdoing, Ellsberg devoted the rest of his life to peace activism and academia.
A Memoir of Vietnam and the Pentagon Papers Indochina: Vietnam, Cambodia & Laos (18 Days - Departs Daily on a Private Basis) Hanoi, Halong Bay, Hue, Hoi An, Ho Chi Minh City, .
The Vietnam War was a long, costly and divisive conflict that pitted the communist government of North Vietnam against South Vietnam and its principal ally, the United States. Ho Chi Minh, original name Nguyen Sinh Cung, also called Nguyen Tat Thanh or Nguyen Ai Quoc, (born May 19, , Hoang Tru, Vietnam, French Indochina—died September 2, , Hanoi, North Vietnam), founder of the Indochina Communist Party () and its successor, the Viet-Minh (), and president from to of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam).
Indochina: Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam. As a geographic term, Indochina can also include Thailand and Burma and during the period Vietnam/Laos was opening to travelers and Cambodia was become safe to visit - the It is a fantastic guide made up of hand drawn maps packed with great information.
In , the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), with the support of the US government, instituted the Comprehensive Plan of Action, a programme to stem the tide of Indochinese refugees from Laos, Vietnam, and Cambodia.
Under the plan, refugee status was evaluated through a screening process. While Americans were girding to fight the Civil War in , the French were beginning a century-long imperial involvement in Indochina.
The lands now known as Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia comprised srmvision.com riches to be harvested in these lands proved economically enticing to the French.